I. Overview of Tuning 1) Pythagorean 2) Meantone 3) Well Temperament 4) Equal vs Just
II. Common Methods 1) Aural Skills 2) Tuner - 3 T’s Tuner Teaches Tendencies “Know Thyself” - learn your tendencies and avoid eye training! 3) Drones - tonic/dominant Listen, match, and memorize 4) Ensembles - bands, orchestras, and chamber groups 5) Listening to recordings of professionals, attend live performances, and record yourself then listen back with a tuner handy
III. Alternative Methods 1) “Ear/eye-tricks” using enharmonic respelling to create aural and visual illusion 2) Common tones (smart drones) 3) Transposition techniques (8va/8vb applications)
IV. Apply Musicianship Duets! Recommended Resources: Edwards, Tuning Drone Melodies Vining, Long Tone Duets Bordogni/Rochut, Melodious Etudes Vol. 1 and their duet counterparts! V. Blazhevich, Concert Duets for Trombone Voxman, Selected Duets Vol. 1-2 (Trumpet, Trombone, Baritone) Blume, Duets for Two Trombones Vol. 1-2 Alessi/Sachs, 14 Duets for Trombone Amsden, Celebrated Practice Duets Jagow, Tuning for Wind Instruments A Road Map to Successful Intonation
Apps/CDs: Sloane, Cello Drones Tonal Energy AP Tuner and many more!